Faridabad, a municipal corporation in Faridabad district is in the state of Haryana, India. It is a major industrial city and population centre. It was founded by Shaikh Farid in 1607, with the object of protecting the highway which passed through the town. It also had a sarai, a travelers' lodge that served as a last stop for travelers to Delhi. Later, it became the headquarters of a pargana which was held in jagir by the Ballabgarh ruler. Faridabad became the 12th district of Haryana on 15 August 1979.
Faridabad is known as The Industrial Capital of HARYANA. Faridabad is about 25 Kilometers south of Delhi at 28° 25' 16" North and 77° 18' 28" East. It is bounded by the National Capital Territory of Delhi on its north, Gurgaon District on the west and Uttar Pradesh State on its east and south. Delhi-Mathura National Highway-2 (Shershah Suri Marg) passes through the centre of the district. The city has many Railway Stations on the Delhi-Mathura double track broad-gauge line of the North Central Railway.
Faridabad is now the most populated city of Haryana and it generates about 60% of the revenue of the Haryana state. 50% of the income tax collected in Haryana, is from Faridabad and Gurgaon.
Faridabad is famous for Henna Production on agriculture sector while tractors, motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes and tyres are other famous industrial products of the city.
Badkhal Lake tourist complex, Suraj Kund Tourist Complex, Aravalli Golf Club, Raja Nahar Singh Palace and Dabchick are the famous tourist spots.
For the purposes of civil administration, Faridabad District is divided into two sub divisions, viz., Faridabad, Ballabgarh. Each subdivision is headed by a sub-divisional officer.
Faridabad is located at 28°26′N 77°19′E / 28.43°N 77.32°E It has an average elevation of 198 metres (649 ft).The City is located on the plains of river Yamuna. It is bordered by the Yamuna to the east and Aravalli Hills towards the west and southwest. Today, virtually all of the land has been developed with residential housing as the population of the city swelled during the mid 90s.Much like the rest of India, the people of Faridabad rely on ground water for their basic needs which is the gift of good monsoon season.
As of 2001 India census, Faridabad had a population of 2,193,276. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Faridabad has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75%, and female literacy is 60%. In Faridabad, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age. Pin code of Faridabad is 12100X. People of Faridabad share different ethnicities depending on when they or their ancestors moved to the area. Old Faridabad, as the northern and oldest part of the city is known, is home to people whose families might have been living in the area for centuries. The ancestry of people is mostly Baniya, Jat, Gujars, Rajputs and people from the state of Uttar Pradesh and villages in Haryana.The western part of the city is called New Industrial Town (abbreviated as NIT). It was built after 1947 for the people who were relocating in India from Pakistan after the Partition. Thus most of the people here share their ancestry with modern day Pakistan's regions of Dera Ismail Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Bannu, and Kohat.The main community is Jat.
The Indian Air Force (IAF) has a logistics base in Faridabad. The resident unit is No.56 Air Storage Park as well as the Air Force Guard Dog Training Unit. The IAF Base is commanded by a Group Captain of the Logistics Branch. Formerly, a SA-2 SAM Squadron was also based in Faridabad. Although there is no army organisation in the city, there are many retired army officers settled here.
Faridabad has one of finest R&D facilities in Asia. Indian Oil Corporation Limited has its R&D centre located at sector 13 Faridabad (the only one in India) and leads in petroleum Research. The center was founded on 10 March 1972 and now employs around 500 scientists and technical staff. The division is critical contributor in fulfilling India's Defence Requirements. Indian Tyre Major JK Tyres & Industries Ltd , has its GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY Centre in Faridabad.The TECH Centre is the hub of JK Tyres' global R&D having State of the art facilities in IT, Engineering & Product Design.
Faridabad is well connected by the latest means of communications that includes GSM, WLL, Dialup internet connection, DSL internet connection, Leased line internet connection. Govt. operated fixed line/land line telephone connections privately operated, world class network of fixed line phones.Apart from electronics means of communication, the city is well connected through the postal services as well. Government owned Indian Postal Service and privately owned postal services like First Flight,DHL, FedEx, DTDC, Blue Dart etc. can be easily accessed.